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Peer Reviewed Published Studies on Quantitative EEG Evaluation and Neurofeedback Treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders and Learning Disabilities

Compiled by: Joel F. Lubar, Ph.D, University of Tennessee

Alhambra,M.A., Fowler, T.P., (1995). EEG biofeedback: A new treatment option for ADD/ADHD. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY, 1 (2), 39-43.

Barabasz, A., & Barabasz, M. (1995). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurological Basis and Treatment Alternatives. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY, 1(1), 1-10.

Blanton, J. & Johnson, L.J. (1981). Using Computer Assisted Biofeedback to Help Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to Gail Self-Control. JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY, 11(1), 49.

Boyd, W.D. & Campbell, S.E. (1998). The use of EEG biofeedback to treat ADHD in a school setting. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY. 2(4), 65-70

Braud, I.W. (1978). The effects of frontal EMG biofeedback and progressive relaxation upon hyperactivity and its behavioral concomitant. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION, 3. 69-90

Carter, J.L. & Russell, H.L. (1981). Changes in verbal performance IQ discrepancy scores after left hemisphere EEG frequency control training: A pilot report. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL BIOFEEDBACK. 4(1), 66-67

Carter, J.L. & Russell, H.L. (1984) Use of biofeedback relaxation procedures with learning disabled children. In J. Humphrey (Ed.) STRESS IN CHILDHOOD (pp.277-300) New York:AMS Press.

Carter, J.L. & Russell, H.L (1985) Use of EMG biofeedback procedures with learning disabled children in a clinical and an education setting. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 18. 213-216.

Carter, J.L. & Russell, H.L (1993) A pilot investigation of auditory and visual entrainment of brainwave activity in learning disabled boys. TEXAS RESEARCHER:JOURNAL OF THE TEXAS CENTER FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, 4, 65-73

Cartozzo, H.A. Jacobs, D., & Gevirtz, R.N. (1995) EEG biofeedback and the remediation of ADHD symptomatology: A controlled treatment outcome study (abstract). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 26TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR APPLIED PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOFEEDBACK. 21-25.

Hanson, L.M. Trudeau, D., & Grace, D.L. (1996). Neurotherapy and drug therapy in combination for adult ADHD, personality disorder, and seizure. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY 2(1), 6-14

Hoffman, D.A., Lubar, J.F., Thatcher, R.W., Sterman, M.B., Rosenfeld, P.J. Striefel, S., Trudeau, D., & Stockdale, S. (1999). Limitations of the American Academy of Neurology and American Clinical Neurophysiology Society paper on QEEG. JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE. 11, 401-407

Jackson, G., & Eberfly, D. (1982). Facilitation of performance on an arithmetic task as a result of the application of a biofeedback procedure to suppress alpha wave activity. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION 7(2) 211-221.

Janzen, T., Graap, K., Stephanson, S., Marshall, W., & Fitzsimmons, G. (1995). Differences in baseline EEG measures for attention deficit disorder and normally achieving preadolescent males. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION. 20(1), 65-82.

Kotwal, D.B., Burns, W.J., & Montgomery, D.D. (1996). Computer-assisted cognitive training for ADHD: A case study. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION, 20(1), 85-96.

Linden, M., Habib, T., & Radojevic, V. (1996). A controlled study of EEG biofeedback effects on cognitive and behavioral measures with attention-deficit disorder and learning disabled children (abstract). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 24THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR APPLIED PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOFEEDBACK, 193-195

Linden, M., Habib, T., & Radojevic, V. (1996) A controlled study of EEG biofeedback effects on cognitive and behavioral measures with attention-deficit disorder and learning disabled children. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION 21(1), 35-49.

Lubar, J.F. (1983) Electroencephalographic Biofeedback and Neurological Applications. In J.V. Basmajian (Ed.), BIOFEEDBACK:PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE. Baltimore, MD: Williams and WIlkins Publishers.

Lubar, J.F. (1985) Changing EEG activity through biofeedback applications for the diagnosis and treatment of learning disabled children. THEORY INTO PRACTICE, Ohio State University, 24, 106-111.

Lubar, J.F.(1989) Electroencephalographic biofeedback and neurological applications. In J.V. Basmajian (Ed.), BIOFEEDBACK:PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE (3rd Ed, pp67-90), Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins Publishers.

Lubar, J.F.(1991), Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION 16, 201-225.

Lubar, J.F., Swartwood, M.O., Swartwood, J.N., & Timmermann, D.L. (1995). Quantitative EEG and auditory event related potentials in the evaluation of attention deficit disorder: Effects of Methylphenidate and implications for neurofeedback training. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT ( Monograph series, Special ADHD Issue), 143-160

Lubar, J.F., White, J.N., Swartwood, M.O., & Swartwood, J.N. (1999). Methylphenidate effects on global and complex measures of EEG. PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY. 21(3), 633-637

Lubar, J.O., & Lubar, J.F. (1984) Electroencephalographic biofeedback of SMR and Beta for treatment of attention deficit disorders inn a clinical setting. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION, 9 1-23

Mann, C.A., Lubar, J.F., Zimmerman, A.W., Miller, B.A., & Muenchen, R.A. (1992), Quantitative analysis of EEG in boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Controlled study with clinical implications. PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, 8, 30-36

McDonald, S.L. (1979) Feedback based EEG alpha training and associated changes in task focus in grade school children. DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS INTERNATIONAL, 39(n12-A), 7247

Monastra, V.J., Lubar, J.F.,& Linden, M.K. (2000). The development of a QEEG scan for ADHD: Reliability and validity studies. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Monastra, V.J., Lubar, J.F., Linden, M., VanDeusen, PL, Green, G., Wing, W., Phillips, A., & Fenger, T.N. (1999). Assessing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder via quantitative electroencephalography: An initial validation study. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 13, (1), 19-25.

Norris, S.L., Lee, C., Cea, J., & Burshteyn, D. (1998) Performance enhancement training effects on attention: A case study. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY, 3(1), 19-25

Packard, R.C., & Ham, L.P. (1996). EEG biofeedback in the treatment of Lyme Disease: A case study. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY. 1 (3), 22-30.

Potashkin, B.D., & Beckles, N. (1990). Relative efficacy of Ritalin and biofeedback treatments in the management of hyperactivity. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION. 15(4), 305-311.

Pratt, R.R., Abel, H., Skidmore, J. (1995). The effects of neurofeedback training with background music on EEG patterns of ADD and ADHD children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTS MEDICINE, 4(1), 24-31.

Rasey, H.W., Lubar, J.F., McIntyre, A. Zoffuto, A.C., & Abbott, P.L. (1996). EEG biofeedback for the enhancement of attentional processing in normal college students. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY 1, 15-21

Rossiter, T.R. (1998). Patient directed neurofeedback for ADHD. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY. 2(4), 54-63.

Tansey, M.A. (1993). Ten year stability of EEG biofeedback results for a hyperactive boy who failed fourth grade perceptually impaired class. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION. 18(1), 33-34.

Tansey, M.A., & Bruner, R.L. (1983). EMG and EEG biofeedback training in the treatment of a 10-year old hyperactive boy with a developmental reading disorder. BIOFEEDBACK AND SELF REGULATION 8, 25-37

Thompson, L., & Thompson, M. (1998) Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: Effectiveness in students with ADD. APPLIED PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOFEEDBACK, 23(4), 243-263.

van Sickle, T.D., Melton, M.A., Burns, W.J., & Montgomery, D.D. (1996). EEG biofeedback of an 11 year-old ADHD male: Improved Achenbach scores and EEG (ABSTRACT). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 27TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASSOCIATIONS FOR APPLIED PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY AND BIOFEEDBACK, 135.

Wadhwani, S., Radvanski, D.C., & Carmody, D.P. (1998). Neurofeedback training in a case of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. JOURNAL OF NEUROTHERAPY. 3(1), 42-49.


Diet Gains Focus in ADHD, Autism
March 2005

Emerging brain-based interventions for children and adolescents: overview and clinical perspective
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Jan;14

Electroencephalographic biofeedback (neurotherapy) as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: rationale and empirical foundation
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Jan;14

Training of slow cortical potentials in attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder: evidence for positive behavioral and neurophysiological effects
Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Apr 1;55(7):772-5.

A Cost/Benefit Analysis of Different Intervention Models for the LD/Special Education Student
Kirtley Thornton, PhD S Winter 2004

The Efficacy of Attention Training For Children with ADHD: A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study

Two ADD/ADHD studies of note from ISNR

Neurofeedback Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: A Comparison with Methylphenidate
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
28 (1): 1-12, March 2003

The effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2002 Dec;27(4):231-49.

Neurofeedback Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: A Comparison with Methylphenidate
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 28 (1): 1-12, March 2003

Support For The Use of QEEG Scanning in Diagnosing ADHD
Duke University

ADHD and drug therapy: is it still a valid treatment?
J Child Health Care. 2004 Mar;8(1):69-81

Topographic mapping of brain electrical activity in children with food-induced attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder
Institute for Child Health Research, Clinical Sciences Division, West Perth, Australia

The role of complementary and alternative medicine in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics; 2/1/2002

Attention deficit disorder, neurofeedback and cognitive therapy.

The effectiveness of Neurotherapy in the treatment of ADHD
Behavioural Neurotherapy Clinic

EEG-defined subtypes of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

The Clinical Role of Computerized EEG in the Evaluation and Treatment of Learning and Attention Disorders in Children and Adolescents.

Assessing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder via qEEG

Development of qEEG Scanning Process for AD/HD

Excess Beta Activity in Children with AD/HD
Psychiatry Res

EEG-Defined Subtypes of Children with AD/HD
Clinical Neurophysiology

A Comparison of EEG Biofeedback and Psychostimulants Treating Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders

Electrophysiological Assessment of Frontal Lobe Function in ADD/ADHD with EEG/qEEG and EP

Six Case Studies Examining the Effectiveness of a Comprehensive Adaptive Approach to Neurofeedback for Attention Deficit in an Educational Setting

QEEG Neurometrics and Differential Diagnosis of ADHD

A Review of Electrophysiology in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Qualitative and Quantitative Electroencephalography

Specificity of quantitative EEG analysis in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

The Effectiveness of Neurotherapy in the Treatment of ADHD

EEG-defined subtypes of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder